The Science of Ant-Man Quantumania: Could Humans Survive at the Quantum Scale?

Explore the science behind Ant-Man Quantumania and the quantum world. Could humans survive at the quantum scale? Find out in this insightful blog.

Apr 20, 2023 - 04:00
Jul 15, 2023 - 22:34
The Science of Ant-Man Quantumania: Could Humans Survive at the Quantum Scale?

In the movie 'Ant-Man 2' and 'Ant-Man 3' by Marvel, Scott Lang dons a specialized suit that enables him to shrink to the size of an ant and venture into the quantum world. Yet, in the real world, there is no known technology capable of reducing humans to the quantum scale. This begs the question: What if humans were able to shrink down to such a minuscule size?

The world of quantum mechanics is boundless, lacking exact limits or boundaries. Generally, when an object is as minuscule as a few nanometers, it displays noticeable quantum effects. At this scale, one's size is approximately one-thousandth that of a bacterium and is composed of tens of thousands of atoms. When one shrinks even smaller, less than a nanometer, they gain access to the quantum world where molecules and atoms rule supreme.

The basic characteristics of the quantum world are vastly dissimilar from the macroscopic world that we commonly encounter. If an individual were to decrease to the quantum scale, they would display wave-particle duality, wherein they possess both particle-like and wave-like properties simultaneously. It's important to note that attempting to draw parallels between the quantum and macroscopic worlds in terms of structure or shape is misleading; one must simply accept the unique features of the quantum world.

When a person is reduced to the size of a quantum particle and passes through a narrow opening, they do not arrive at a fixed location in a straight line. Instead, they have a chance to reach various positions beyond the opening, but the likelihood of reaching each position is not equal. If the person repeatedly passes through the opening and leaves a trace each time they arrive at a position, then after multiple passages, some positions will have more traces while others have fewer, producing a pattern resembling a continuous wave. This is the wave-like nature of quantum particles.

If a person at the quantum scale were running towards their friend, they would experience collisions and bounces that are characteristic of particles. However, if they were to collide repeatedly, the direction of their bounces would exhibit a probability distribution similar to the pattern produced when waves pass through a slit. As a result, the collisions would demonstrate both wave-like and particle-like behavior, highlighting the strange and unique nature of the quantum world.

If a person at the quantum scale falls into a confined space that is only slightly larger than their size, their kinetic energy becomes 'quantized.' This means that the energy of their motion increases in discrete steps, akin to climbing a staircase. By contrast, in the macroscopic world, the energy of human motion can increase continuously, as in walking up a slope.

The perception of color in the quantum world differs significantly from that in the macroscopic world. Visible light, with wavelengths between 400-700 nanometers, is much larger than individual atoms and molecules, making it impossible for the quantum human, which is much smaller than the wavelength, to interact with it in the same way as macroscopic objects. However, atoms and molecules can still absorb the energy of specific wavelengths of light, such as red or blue, in a process called 'excitation,' which reflects the quantization of energy. By observing the excited state of the quantum human, we can infer which colors of light the atoms and molecules have absorbed.

The quantum world is peculiar in some ways and very uneventful in others. Within the quantum realm, there is no way to differentiate Liu Kanshan from his parents or anyone else. Leibniz famously said, "There is no identical leaf in the world," but every electron and proton in existence is precisely identical. Consequently, if all individuals transformed into quantum humans, everyone would effectively become indistinguishable from one another, leading to the ultimate disappearance of individuality.

In conclusion, the quantum world is vastly different from the macroscopic world we experience, with unique characteristics such as wave-particle duality, probabilistic behavior, and quantized energy. If humans were able to shrink down to the quantum scale, they would experience a world where individuality disappears, and everyone is indistinguishable from one another. Nonetheless, the study of the quantum world is essential to understanding the fundamental nature of matter and the universe.

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Sakib I am Sajedul Islam Sakib from Bangladesh. Currently I am a student at software engineer but also I like reading and learning new things, especially about Blogging and Education.