The Top Places on Earth with Record Temperature Swings

Taking a look at the world's widest temperature swings and hottest and coldest places on earth? Here we map the world's temperature shifts, looking for records.

Dec 7, 2022 - 23:02
Feb 21, 2023 - 00:49
The Top Places on Earth with Record Temperature Swings
Verkhoyansk, Russia

Most of us know what it's like to feel the heat and the chill, but how do those temperature shifts compare around the world? We've mapped out the extremes of the hottest and coldest places on earth, as well as some of the widest temperature swings on record.

Key Takeaways:

  • Antarctica has the largest temperature shift on earth, with a 116.8 degree difference.
  • Death Valley in California has the highest recorded temperature at 134 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • El Azizia, Libya held the world record for the highest temperature ever recorded, at 136.4°F.
  • Verkhoyansk, Russia has recorded temperature swings of up to 104 degrees Celsius in a day.
  • Oymyakon, Russia is the coldest inhabited place on earth, with temperatures as low as -71°C.

Verkhoyansk, Russia: Record Swings from -67 to 37 degrees Celsius in 24 hours. 

The town of Verkhoyansk, located in the Sakha Republic of Russia, holds the record for the widest swing in temperature between the hottest day and coldest day of the year. The town experiences an average temperature of around -50 degrees Celsius (-58 degrees Fahrenheit) in January, the coldest month, while in July, the warmest month, the temperature averages around 20 degrees Celsius (68 degrees Fahrenheit). This temperature swing of approximately 70 degrees Celsius (126 degrees Fahrenheit) is one of the most extreme in the world.

Antarctica: The Bluest Hot and Coldest Place. 

Antarctica is one of the best examples of this wild temperature shift, with a record low temperature of -98.3 degrees Celsius (recorded in 1983 at Russia's Vostok Station) and a record high temperature of 17.5 degrees Celsius (recorded on 30 January 2020 at the Argentinian Marambio Base). That's a 116.8 degree difference in temperature! The highs are made fairly comfortable due to arid conditions, radiative cooling, and strange surface features like polygonal frost patterning that cools the air near the ground.

Death Valley, California: Record Highs & Lows.

Death Valley is a true testament to the extreme temperature differences found in deserts. In 1913, the hottest official air temperature ever recorded occurred here, reaching 134 degrees Fahrenheit (56.7 °C). On the other end of the spectrum, Furnace Creek Station achieved -12 °F (-24 °C) back in the 1940s. That's an astonishing 146-degree range between Death Valley’s highest and lowest temperatures!

El Azizia, Libya: World Record of Highest Ever Recorded Temperature on Earth. 

In 1922, El Azizia in Libya officially attained a new world record temperature of 136.4°F (58°C). It held the title for an amazing ninety years, until it was dramatically dethroned after a reanalysis determined that El Azizia’s record-high temperature was misinterpreted. This effectively rendered Death Valley as the holder of the true highest ever recorded temperature on earth.

Oymyakon, Russia: The World’s Coldest Inhabited Place with -71 Degrees Celsius Recorded Temperaturesl.

In Oymyakon, Russia, temperatures drop to a freezing -71°C. It is one of the coldest inhabited cities in the world, but it contrastingly has great life expectancy due to its stability and affordable heathcare system. The average temperature between January and July is at an extremely low -35°C with summer highs ranging between 12°C to 24°C making for a huge 36 degree swing. Despite this largesse temperature swing, the residents here seem to manage very well with their harsh way of living.

Most Frequently asked:

What is the Coldest place on Earth?

The coldest place on Earth is generally considered to be a high ridge in Antarctica. The exact location is the East Antarctic Plateau, which is a desolate and remote area of the continent. The temperature in this region can drop to incredibly low levels, with the lowest temperature ever recorded on Earth, -128.6 degrees Fahrenheit (-89.2 degrees Celsius), being recorded at the Soviet Union's Vostok Station in this region on July 21, 1983.

The extreme cold in this area is due to several factors, including the high elevation, clear skies, and dry air. These conditions allow the heat to escape quickly from the surface, resulting in extremely low temperatures.

What is the Hottest place on Earth:

The hottest place on Earth is generally considered to be the Lut Desert in Iran, based on the highest recorded surface temperature. On July 10, 2005, the surface temperature in the Lut Desert was recorded at a scorching 159.3 degrees Fahrenheit (70.7 degrees Celsius) by NASA's Terra satellite.

The extreme heat in the Lut Desert is due to a combination of factors, including its location near the equator, its low elevation, and its vast expanses of sun-baked sand and rock. In addition, the area has a very low humidity, which allows for rapid and intense heating of the surface.

Other regions that are known for their extreme heat include the Death Valley in California, United States, and the Dasht-e Kavir desert in Iran.

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Sakib I am Sajedul Islam Sakib from Bangladesh. Currently I am a student at software engineer but also I like reading and learning new things, especially about Blogging and Education.